Climate and Crop Disease Risk Management : An International Initiative in the Asia Pacific Region

Climate and Crop Disease Risk Management : An International Initiative in the Asia Pacific Region

Name of the Project :
Climate and Crop Disease Risk Management : An International Initiative in the Asia Pacific Region
Country:
Bangladesh, India, Australia, USA, Cambodia, The Netherlands,  Switzerland
Project Location:  Bangladesh, India, Australia, USA, Cambodia, The Netherlands,  Switzerland Professional staff  provided
By the company: 67
Name of Client: Asia Pacific Network, Japan and Bangladesh Science Foundation No. of man-months: 45
Start Date (month/year): January 2006 Completion Date(month/year):
December  2012
Approx. value of services: 12.0  Million Taka
Name of Associate Firm, if any: Bangladesh Center for Development Research.
Bangladesh Agricultural Univ.
Bangladesh Agril. Research Inst.
No. of man-months of professional staff provided by associate firm(s):
    No. : 15 Man-month:  18
 
Senior Staff Involved and Functions Performed:
Samsul Huda, University of Western Sydney, Australia
Robert Spooner-Hart, UWS, Australia
Chris Derry, UWS, Australia
Tamrika Hind-Lanoiselet, NSW Australia
Gordon Murray, NSW DPIF, Australia
Holger Meinke, Queensland Australia
Kep Coughlan, Queensland, Australia
M Asaduzzaman, Bangladesh Science Foundation, Bangladesh
Preap Visarto, Cambodia
Philip Charlesworth, CARDI, Cambodia
Y.S. Ramakrishna, India
Suseel Desai, CRIDA, India
Ram Thakur, (ICRISAT), India
R. Jagannathan, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, India
Chirantan Chattopadhyay, India
Subba Rao, CRIDA, india
Safi Khan, (BCKV), India
Indrabrata Bhattacharya, BCKV, India
Saon Banerjee, BCKV, India
L. S. Rathore, (NCMRWF), India
Jim Hansen, Columbia University, USA
Ken Boote, University of Florid, USA
Jerry Hatfield, National Soil Tilth Laboratory, USA
Kees Stigter, Agromet Vision, The Netherlands
M Sivakumar, (WMO), Switzerland
Team Leader
Members-
Detailed Narrative Description of Project:
The International Workshop on Climate Prediction and Agriculture : Advances and Challenges held at WMO suggested that the potential for integrating medium-range (3 to 10 days) weather forecasting with historically and seasonally-based climatic forecasting to facilitate strategic decision making in agriculture be actively exploited. The current project aims to secure regional integration of existing research in the areas of climate, crop, disease epidemiology and food security through the development of predictive modeling capabilities for proactive risk management.  The value of the approach is demonstrated via concurrent application to three index crops (peanut, canola and mustard) in selected areas, and the development of risk communication through engagement with local stakeholders. A range of eminent scientists who are already involved in APN’s current Science Agenda are providing the required scientific and policy-analytical linkage. The project will develop environmentally friendly management strategies, including limited pesticide usage, thereby increasing sustainability while contributing to strategic food production.
Detailed Description of Actual Services Provided by the Organization :
The overall aim of the project is to develop a regional risk management approach for selected climate-sensitive crop diseases. The specific objectives are:

  • Develop and adapt predictive models for selected crops and climate-sensitive diseases (late leaf spot in peanut, Sclerotinia rot and Alternaria blight in canola and mustard), integrating existing climate, crop and epidemiological knowledge
  • Evaluate the predictive performance of crop growth and disease models, using existing data and new data generation
  • Identify and evaluate improved crop disease management strategies based on climate information and predictive models
  • Assess information needs and propose communication strategies (e.g., climatic and disease risk, and disease forecasts, and advisories)
  • Engage appropriate institutions and policy linkages that are in a position to provide support for climate-sensitive crop disease management in each target country.

The achievements of the Project are:

  • The network structure for the project has been identified, including collaboration between different countries
  • Appropriate models (USA based CROPGRO-peanut for peanut/groundnut, India based INFOCROP for mustard, Australian based Canola model)   have been identified

·       Existing data have been identified; and testing of the preliminary version of the models with existing data has been initiated

·       Appropriate field experiments have been initiated or planned

·       Questionnaires  are in preparation to identify most urgent primary users of products of models, and advisory services

·       A work plan for the remainder of the project, with individual and group responsibilities to achieve objectives

·       Organization of a scoping/planning workshop in Hyderabad to bring together major research interests, discuss opportunities for integrating existing work and future efforts to meet a common goal, and to explore common ground between existing models for a range of relevant parameters. This was an important activity for developing and building on existing collaborations.  Component work by participants was presented during the Scoping/Planning Workshop.

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