Evaluation and selection of local germplasm to develop modern variety of export potential vegetables in Bangladesh.

Name of the Project :
Evaluation and selection of local germplasm to develop modern variety of export potential vegetables in Bangladesh.
Country:  Bangladesh
Project Location:  All over Bangladesh Professional staff  provided
By the company : 85
Name of Client: Ministry of Science and Information & Communication Technology, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh No. of man-months    : 12
Start Date (month/year):              July 2005 Completion Date(month/year):
June 2006
Approx. value of services: 1.0  Million Taka
Name of Associate Firm, if any: Bangladesh Center for Development Research. No. of man-months of professional staff provided by associate firm(s):
    No. : 40 Man-month:  6
Senior Staff Involved and Functions Performed:
Dr. A K M Shameem Alam
Dr.  Md  Abul Kashem
Dr.  Md Anisur Rahman
Dr. Shariful Islam
Team Leader
Agronomist
Soil Scientist
Entomologist
Detailed Narrative Description of Project:
Teasle gourd (Momordica dioica Roxb) is locally known as kakrol and a popular vegetable in Bangladesh. It belongs to family cucubitaccac. The genus momordica is native to tropical regions of Asia, Africa and South America (Sheshadri, 1986). Recently teasle gourd has become a major vegetable in Bangladesh because of its high export potential and demand in internal market. It is primarily exported to united kingdorn and Middle East countries. Its availability during March to October, the lean period for vegetables, also acts in favour of its high demand. It has good nutrational value as well having 33 mg Ca, 40 mg P, 4.6 mg Fe and 1620 mg carotene per 100 gm of edible portion (Bose and Som, 1986; Gopalan et al., 1982). The crop is prolific in bearing and yields about 20 t/ha (Das, 1988). It can stand handling well in transportation and has good shelf life. It is cultivated by tuberous roots instead of seed due to its dioecious nature. Even in recent past it was considered to be a minor vegetable and as such it received no research priority. It was during last decade that its popularity in internal market and for export rose sharply and so its cultivation expanded. Obviously the growers are now demanding information on improved varieties and production technology. There are few land races having some local popular names but till now no recommended variety is available and it is possible to fetch more than double income per hectare by cultivating teasle gourd than rice, jute or any other summer vegetable (Das, 1988). Despite of importance, little attention has given towards improvement of this crop.

Therefore, this project was undertaken with the following objectives:
(a)   Collection of germplasm from extensive teasle gourd growing areas.
(b)  Evaluation of performance of the germplasm

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