High Yielding Variety (HYV) Rice Cultivation in Rangamati Hill Areas through Integrated Approach

Name of the Project :
High Yielding Variety (HYV) Rice Cultivation in Rangamati Hill Areas through Integrated Approach.
Country:  Bangladesh
Project Location:  All over Bangladesh
 
Professional staff  provided
By the company : 85
Name of Client: Ministry of Science and Information & Communication Technology, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh No. of man-months    : 12
Start Date (month/year):              July 2005 Completion Date(month/year):
June 2006
Approx. value of services: 1.0  Million Taka
Name of Associate Firm, if any: Bangladesh Center for Development Research. No. of man-months of professional staff provided by associate firm(s):
    No. : 40 Man-month:  6
Senior Staff Involved and Functions Performed:
Dr. Md Gias Uddin Ahmed
Dr.  Md  Abul Kashem
Dr.  M. Asaduzzaman
Dr. Md Nurul Alam
Team Leader
Agronomist
Soil Scientist
Entomologist
 
Detailed Narrative Description of Project:
Rice is grown over almost 75 percent of the land area and is the country’s most important crop. Two-thirds of this land area is now covered by MV technology after a rapid expansion over the past 15 years. The adoption process has been driven by the subsistence demands of households rather than by systematic agricultural extension efforts. Smaller farmers have adopted MVs more readily than larger ones. The privatization of shallow tubewell (STW) irrigation helped to make widescale MV adoption possible, as has the provision of improved infrastructure such as rural roads, bridges, and rural electrification. As a result, the general issue of MV adoption is no longer a current one for most farmers, except for households in flood-prone and coastal areas where adoption has so far proved difficult. The quantitative research shows that for households with access to land there have been direct adoption impacts in the form of increased yields and higher profits. However, since rice now only represents around 20 percent of most households’ overall income, nonagricultural income is found to have gained dramatically in importance for rural households.The qualitative research also shows negative adoption impacts such as shrinking common property resources (wild fish, vegetables, etc., and declining soil fertility, both of which may increase the long-term vulnerability of the poor. It also throws light on the processes of technology dissemination. After initial release and dissemination of MVs by BRRI and the Department of Agricultural Extension, adoption has taken place primarily though informal farmer-to-farmer learning. The focus group discussions revealed low levels of confidence in the largely inactive public sector agricultural extension service and highlighted the highly variable performance of both local and national NGOs engaged in providing credit. The research study as a whole was limited by the fact that the qualitative component was “bolted onto” a quantitative study already underway. Therefore the framework, and the various data collection methodologies, were not systematically integrated across both components of the study. In conclusion, future agricultural research on rice may need to further address the question of MV adoption potential on risk-prone lands, the relevance of existing technology dissemination systems, the relationship between MV adoption and crop diversification, and the challenges of more sustainable crop management techniques.

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