Study of Conservation and propagation of Medicinal Plant genetic Resources of Chittagong Hill Districts

Name of the Project :
Study of Conservation and propagation of Medicinal Plant genetic Resources  of Chittagong Hill Districts
Country:  Bangladesh
Project Location:  Chittagong Hill Districts Professional staff  provided
By the company : 54
Name of Client: Ministry of Science and Information & Communication Technology, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh No. of man-months : 12
Start Date (month/year):              July 2005 Completion Date(month/year):
June 2006
Approx. value of services: 2.0  Million Taka
Name of Associate Firm, if any: Bangladesh Center for Development Research. No. of man-months of professional staff provided by associate firm(s):
    No. : 30 Man-month:  6
Senior Staff Involved and Functions Performed:
Dr. Md Mokarram Hossain
Dr.  Md Lokman Hossain
Dr.  Md Shahjahan Ali
Dr. Shahid Uddin Mahmud
Team Leader
Biodiversity Specialist
Agronomist
Soil Scientist
Detailed Narrative Description of Project:
Bangladesh is unique in having a wide variety of plant species in a range of habitats in mangrove forests, hill forests, plain land forests, wetlands, and village groves. These natural forests and village groves with enormous genetic diversity have always been an important source of many minor forest products, especially edible fruit and nuts, medicinal, aromatic and spices. The use of wild plant genetic resources of medicinal plants has been substantially contributing to the development of herbal medicines and is being used by the tribal and other rural communities as herbal medicines. Also the genetic resources of medicinal plants are being increasingly important to the pharmaceutical industries throughout the world. A great genetic variability of wild populations of medicinal plants are available in Bangladesh, but only a limited number of genotypes and their specific properties are traditionally utilized, and many more yet to be explored. Out of estimated 5700 species of angiosperm alone, 192 were reported as of medicinal importance (Khan and Haq, 1975). Forest Research Institute has also identified some 91 medicinal plant species (Rashid et al. 1988). Bangladesh National Herbarium has revised the lists and documented more than 500 species as medicinal plants. But unfortunately, many of the valuable plant resources of these natural habitats are being depleted in an alarming rate and are in greatest threat to extinction due to overexploitation, indiscriminate logging and loss of natural habitats. Considering the importance of plant genetic resources, many universities, colleges and the research institutes in many countries have strengthened the collection and conservation of rare and endangered plant genetic resources either in seed banks or in field gene banks in order to save them from extinction. These institutes are not only cultivating and maintaining most of the germplasm of wild and semi-wild species in their ex situ gene banks for conservation, but also providing facilities for education and research with ready access of a wide range of plant genetic materials which is not possible with remote and dispersed population. FAO (1996) has also suggested for strengthening ex situ conservation in the universities, colleges and the research institutes for collection and conservation of plant species and to promote education and public awareness on the importance of biodiversity and its conservation.

Check Also

Techno-Economic and Environmental Impact Study of Passenger Water transport Services in and around Dhaka City

Techno-Economic and Environmental Impact Study of Passenger Water transport Services in and around Dhaka City

Name of the Project : Techno-Economic and Environmental Impact Study of Passenger Water transport Services …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *