Study of jhum cultivation in the Chittagong hill areas

Name of the Project :
Study of jhum cultivation in the Chittagong hill areas.
Country:  Bangladesh
Project Location:  All over Bangladesh Professional staff  provided
By the company : 56
Name of Client: Ministry of Science and Information & Communication Technology, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh No. of man-months  : 12
Start Date (month/year):  July 2005 Completion Date(month/year):
June 2006
Approx. value of services: 1.8  Million Taka
Name of Associate Firm, if any: Bangladesh Center for Development Research. No. of man-months of professional staff provided by associate firm(s):
    No. : 20 Man-month:  6
Senior Staff Involved and Functions Performed:
Dr. Ms. Setara E Bilkis
Dr.  Md  Abul Kashem
Dr.  Musharraf Hossain Mian
Team Leader
Agronomist
Soil Scientist
 
Detailed Narrative Description of Project:
The Chittagong Hill Tracts comprising the three districts of Bandarbon, Rangamati and Khagrachhari has an area of 13181sq km endowed with natural beauty and high economic potentiality. The tribal along with the Bengali people are living there for long maintaining their distinct socio-cultural identities and harmony. Earlier, the area was mainly occupied by medium and high hills. Presently, is increasingly becoming denuded due to unplanned management of hills and agricultural practices at steep slope without any conservation measure. There are hills with altitudes of more than 3000 feet (Bramme H 1971) having steep and long slope. The total annual precipitation is also high (2000-3550mm). Continuous depletion of soil fertility is the major constraint to sustainable crop production in the hilly areas of Bangladesh. Jhum cultivation, slopiness, heavy rainfall and improper management of soil enhanced nutrient depletion through erosion. Accelerated soil erosion is the greatest hazard the long term maintenance of soil fertility. The Chittagong Hill Tracts region is of great importance for growing various crops, which are different from the plans. But unfortunately no permanent and systematic agriculture practices have so for been developed. Actually, this area covers more them one third area of Bangladesh because crops can be grown in all dimensions of a hill. The main problems of crop cultivation of this area are age old methods of cultivation. mono culture, unplanned and unsuitable “Jhum” cultivation. Present method of “Jhum” cultivation accelerates soil erosion along with soil nutrient depletion and finally soil becomes unfertile affecting crop yields. Considering the Importance of new technologies model in the hilly there was a project coordinated by BARI, on Hill farming system and Resource utilization in the  chittagong hill Tracts and minimization at soil loss and nutrient management upliftencen at farmers ecomony reperted earlier (M. M. cherdhuey 2002). Information are available in Hill Agricultural Research station, Ramgorh, Khagrachari. But the information generated are not up to the level to utilization in the hilly arease for economic upliftument of hilly farmers.

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