Study of the Prevalence, mode of transmission and clinical and virological status of Hepatitis B infection in Bangladeshi population.

Name of the Project :

Study of the Prevalence, mode of transmission and clinical and virological status of Hepatitis B infection in Bangladeshi population.

Country:  Bangladesh
Project Location:  All over Bangladesh

 

Professional staff  provided

By the company : 65

Name of Client: Ministry of Science and Information & Communication Technology, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh No. of man-months : 12

 

Start Date (month/year):              July 2005 Completion Date(month/year):

June 2006

Approx. value of services: 1.0  Million Taka
Name of Associate Firm, if any: Bangladesh Center for Development Research. No. of man-months of professional staff provided by associate firm(s):
    No. : 30 Man-month:  6
Senior Staff Involved and Functions Performed:
      Dr. A H M Rowshan

Dr.  Md  Aminul Islam

Dr.  Md Abdul latif

Dr. Md Abul Klam Azad

                    Team Leader

Community Health Specialist

Socioeconomist

Medical specialist

Detailed Narrative Description of Project:

Hepatitis B is one of the commonest infectious diseases in the world. WHO reported that about one million of world population die annually from different forms of liver diseases due to Hepatitis B infection. Chronic Liver disease is the usual sequel of Hepatitis B infection.15-25% of Hepatitis B infected people die pre-maturely due to complication of Cirrhosis of liver and Hepatocellular carcinoma. It is estimated that 350 million of world population are Hepatitis B carrier. Of them, more than 75% are of Asian ethnicity. 900,000 to 1 million in Europe and 140,000 to 320,000 persons in the USA are being affected annually and about 10% of them are becoming chronic carrier. In Bangladesh, data collected in segregated way from different group of people showed variable prevalence rates in them; 56% of acute Hepatitis patients, 60.4% Chronic Liver disease, 5.6 % professional blood donors and 5.4% apparently normal population are positive for Hepatitis B. This virus is mainly transmitted vertically from mother to child. In adults, main transmission is through cutaneous route either by transfusion of infected blood or its products or inoculation of contaminated needle/surgical instruments.  Sexual contact is another important route of transmission of Hepatitis B infection. Infectivity of this virus is dependant on its status and immune response of the individual who is carrying it. Knowledge of true prevalence of this virus, important or main route of transmission and viral status of the carrier might help in making national plan for prevention and treatment of this dreadly infection.

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